Creatures in Recent Slovenian Sculpture

La mostra Creatures in Recent Slovenian Sculpture è una collaborazione tra la Maribor Art Gallery, la Lojze Spacal Gallery Štanjel, il Gorenjska Museum, i vincitori del premio Prešeren Gallery Kranj, e il Ljubljana Fine Artists Society.

Inizialmente la mostra sarebbe dovuta essere incentrata sulla raffigurazioni di animali, non sulle creature, difatti il menù espositivo prevede scimmie, insetti, cani, pesci, pipistrelli, un ghepardo, un corvo, un polipo, un maiale, e altri animali partoriti dall’ambiente naturale in generale. Il loro mondo si fonde con il mondo delle creature irriconoscibili che non hanno alcun collegamento con la fauna esistente – come di fatto sembrano, a prima vista, non avere alcun senso molti degli oggetti esposti. In questa mostra la natura è un mondo a parte: le opere sono principalmente portatori di vari stati d’animo, di idee, di interpretazioni moralistiche, di archetipi e di fantasia.

A causa di questo intreccio, il curatore della mostra Lev Menaše ha osservato che l’esposizione si trasforma in una competizione unica tra darwinismo e creazionismo. Il darwinismo insegna “che tutte le specie originariamente derivano da forme parentali, con variazioni, a seconda della selezione naturale degli individui più adatti a riprodurre le loro specie”, mentre il creazionismo ci dice “che la materia e tutte le cose come attualmente esistono provengono dal Creatore onnipotente e non sono state formate e sviluppate gradualmente dalla natura”.

Così, il dott. Menaše dichiara che: «non è difficile indovinare quale insegnamento abbia prevalso nella mostra, la conclusione è ovvia: in relazione all’arte, Darwin aveva torto poiché l’arte è sempre stata dominata dal Creatore Onnipotente che continua a dominarla nel presente».

Io preferirei non prendere in causa alcuna divinità, perché credo negli uomini, e quindi cito un uomo: «bisogna avere un grande caos dentro di sé per generare una stella danzante».


Curator: dr. Lev Menaše

Artists: Mirsad Begić, Janez Boljka, Mirko Bratuša, Jakov Brdar, Dragica Čadež, Peter Černe, Natalija R. Črnčec, Polona Demšar, Stane Jagodič, Viljem Jakopin, Matic Jelčič Kürner, Barbara Jurkovšek, Marko A. Kovačič, Nina Koželj, Damijan Kracina, France Kralj, Erik Lovko, Vladimir Makuc, Iztok Maroh, Marija Prelog, Boštjan Putrich, Saba Skaberne, Mojca Smerdu, Zoran Srdić Janežič, Jože Šubic, Drago Tršar, Klavdij Tutta, Lujo Vodopivec, Jožef Vrščaj

Professional Advisor: Simona Šuc

Participating Institutions: Maribor Art Gallery, Lojze Spacal Gallery Štanjel, Gorenjska Museum, Galerija Prešeren Award Winners Gallery Kranj, Ljubljana Fine Artists Society.

Vienna Biennale

Vienna Bienn

The Vienna Biennale 2015 will take place from 11 June through 4 October, 2015. It is the first event of its kind to combine art, design, and architecture, with the aim of generating creative ideas and artistic projects to help improve the world. Its category-spanning, interdisciplinary approach and combination of artistic ambition and the creative economy open up new perspectives on central topics of our time and thus promote positive change in our society.

The Vienna Biennale 2015 is an initiative of the MAK – Austrian Museum of Applied Arts / Contemporary Art. It is organized by the MAK in cooperation with the University of Applied Arts Vienna, Kunsthalle Wien, the Architekturzentrum Wien, and the creative unit of the Vienna Business Agency, departure, with support from the AIT Austrian Institute of Technology as a non-university research partner.

The Vienna Biennale 2015 was established with the understanding that we are living in a new modernity in which the digital revolution penetrates all areas of our life and is thus fundamentally changing our civilization—it is comparable to the industrial revolution, the consequences of which the last era of Western modernism dealt with. Today’s Digital Modernity offers considerable potentials for lasting improvements in quality of life as well as innovative living concepts and business models in every sector. It presents a wide range of questions for the arts, including architecture and design, and is dependent on artistic and creative inputs.

This new biennale in Vienna was established with the recognition that Vienna was one of the centers of the previous era of Western Modernity around 1900, from which significant impulses emerged whose effects in some cases continue to be felt to this day. Thus, Vienna can be seen as an authentic, credible location for the search for new paths to positive change. By following in this extraordinary tradition of experimentation, the Vienna Biennale 2015 aims to find answers to today’s most important issues and utilize the potentials of the creative revolution in order to offer people new insights for crucial areas of life. The Vienna Biennale 2015 is thus not only aimed at people interested in art, design, and architecture, but a wider audience, with the goal of raising awareness about the possibilities of fine art and the applied arts for the challenges of our time.

The Vienna Biennale 2015 has invited four international curators to develop projects for 2015. New and existing works will be presented. The Vienna Biennale Circle of eminent personalities living in Vienna will provide an important connection to the city of Vienna and ensure that all the projects will be discussed and brought together with an interdisciplinary approach. The resulting insights will be presented in an additional exhibition.

The Vienna Biennale 2015 was born of the conviction that Vienna is the right place to develop a new, coherent, and unique biennale. The focus will be on people, who need one thing above all in times of radical change: orientation!

The all-encompassing process of digitalization is changing our daily lives so radically that we can call this a new era of modernity: Digital Modernity offers enormous potential around the world—in education, for instance—but also entails great risks due to the total economic quantification of human beings. Furthermore, given the learning abilities of digital machines, we must assume that over the coming decades a significant part of manual and cognitive work (and thus jobs) will be replaced by fully automated systems.

This upheaval of our society coincides with the overexploitation of the planet Earth. The Global North must significantly reduce human beings’ environmental footprint, while the ambitions for growth in the Global South require fundamental adjustments also in light of explosive population growth. Humanity must therefore develop an entirely new understanding of economic growth and prosperity both for the rich industrialized countries and for emerging and developing countries—an understanding that leads to a mutually accepted and sustainable distribution of the earth’s resources.

Challenges of this scale demand a radical change of attitude. The most effective mechanisms to promote this can be found in Digital Modernity itself. We must therefore “retool” the digital revolution and place it at the service of ensuring human dignity and meaning on our planet over the long term. The development and design of the necessary real and virtual concepts and tools are dependent to a substantial degree on human creativity. This means that the creative disciplines of design, architecture, and art have a particular responsibility to develop new paths for positive change. While the applied disciplines of design and architecture are expected to produce directly applicable ideas, fine art does not need to be directly useful; instead, it can offer other kinds of impetuses.

Since the creative disciplines have been progressively instrumentalized for traditional growth, a reform of creativity is necessary in order to reinvigorate them. Some approaches to this challenge are already visible: positive change is increasingly becoming a core topic in design and architecture, and even fine art is finding ways to contribute to improving the world without being “applied.” However, overcoming individual economic interests and the self-referentiality of these disciplines in the long term will only be possible if art, design, and architecture combine to form a new unity of the arts.

This unity of the arts not only means the equality of the “lower” applied arts of design and architecture with the “higher” fine art, but also and above all their qualitatively equal cooperation with the aim of mutual inspiration. We need a holistically oriented unity of the arts which does not lead to the merging of disciplines, but uses innovative structures and a lively dialogue to ensure that art, design, and architecture respect, pay attention to, and inspire one another in order to promote positive change. This is precisely the aim of the Vienna Biennale 2015. It challenges these disciplines to continue to develop by making possible a direct encounter between art, design, and architecture projects related to cities and the urban future.

The point of departure and common theme of the projects is the potential and problems of cities, which will be examined from various perspectives: architecture and design will deal with six megacities on five continents—Hong Kong, Istanbul, Lagos, Mumbai, New York, and Rio de Janeiro; art will focus on Bucharest as a fascinating example of a city behind the former Iron Curtain; design and architecture will address the Austrian capital of Vienna, which has repeatedly been chosen as the world’s most livable city; and art will examine the possibilities of a new Enlightenment emerging above all in the urban context as well as the importance of urban public space. Although the projects are each grounded in a specific discipline, they are also open to other disciplines and will thus initiate dialogues that will be continued in the program of related events. An interdisciplinary exhibition manifesto on the future of human work and an art exhibition that addresses this topic will round out the biennale.

The Vienna Biennale 2015 will thus allow these creative disciplines to act together “in concert” for positive change. It aims to inspire us to act individually and collectively to make the world a better and more sustainable place. It seeks to encourage art, design, and architecture to provide concepts and tools to this end. It is conceived as the beginning of numerous future interdisciplinary projects in Vienna and elsewhere which will further develop our world through the possibilities of the arts.


Performing Public Art
A festival in the public space, organized by the University of Applied Arts Vienna
Festival Dates:11 June – 5 July 2015
Accompanying exhibition at the Angewandte Innovation Laboratory: 11 June – 31 July 2015

Mapping Bucharest: Art, Memory, and Revolution 1916–2016
This exhibition about the art scene in Romania illuminates the potential of a cultural realm at the heart of crucial impulses for the development of the avant-garde and modernism in Europe.

2051: Smart Life in the City
Under the Vienna Biennale motto “Ideas for Change,” the exhibition contribution takes a look at an alternative future for urban living and investigates the role of design as a tool for a sustainable and solidary Lifestyle.

Uneven Growth: Tactical Urbanisms for Expanding Megacities
In 2030, the world’s population will be a staggering eight billion people. Of these, two-thirds will live in cities. Most will be poor.

Future Light
MAK / Kunsthalle Wien / Off-site Commissions / Reader
How come some features of the old Enlightenment have crept back and are now being revisited in art, activism, and theory?

Future Light: Escaping Transparency
There is a widespread belief today that light will do away with ignorance, the abuse of power, and inequality.

Future Light: Pauline Boudry / Renate Lorenz. LOVING, REPEATING
At Kunsthalle Wien, Pauline Boudry and Renate Lorenz are presenting three film-based works.

aspern INTERNATIONAL Ideas for Change: an international view
Vienna is one of the fastest-growing cities in Europe. The largest area of urban development is aspern Vienna’s Urban Lakeside, located in the east of the city.
11 Jun – 24 Aug 2015, Architekturzentrum Wien
28 Aug – 4 Oct 2015, Technology centre aspern IQ

The Art of Working: Agency in Digital Modernity
An exhibition manifesto by the Vienna Biennale Circle
The process of digitalization, also called the “second machine age,” is changing our lives at least as radically as the Industrial Revolution before it.

24/7: the human condition
“I GOT UP” stamped the Japanese artist On Kawara on a series of post-cards, which he sent to friends and artist colleagues on a daily basis be-tween 1968 and 1979, declaring the time on each occasion.

Demonstrators and Changemaker in the City
2051: Smart Life in the City
Ten project teams that have already collected viable experiences in the urban sphere and come up with new strategies were invited to construct so-called “demonstrators” at various locations in Vienna.

MAK Press and PR
Judith Anna Schwarz Jungmann (Head)
Sandra Hell Ghignone, Veronika Träger, Lara Steinhäusser T +43 1 71136-233, 229, 212

Opening press conference Thursday, 11 June 2015, 10a.m.
MAK Lecture Hall, Weiskirchnerstraße 3, 1010 Vienna

MAK – Austrian Museum of Applied Arts / Contemporary Art
Weiskirchnerstraße 3 1010 Vienna

University of Applied Arts Vienna – Angewandte Innovation Laboratory
Franz-Josefs-Kai 3 – 1010 Vienna

Kunsthalle Wien
Museumsplatz 1, at the MQ 1070 Vienna

Az W – Architekturzentrum Wien
Museumsplatz 1, at the MQ 1070 Vienna

Technology centre aspern IQ
Seestadtstraße 27 – 1220 Vienna

Vienna Biennale Pass:
MAK, Kunsthalle Wien, Az W € 22 / € 16,50 reduced (for students under 27)